Energy consumption in nigeria pdf

European scientific journal february 20 edition vol. Nigeria has vast natural gas, coal, and renewable energy resources that. Nigeria can provide itself completely with selfproduced energy. Patterns of energy consumption in nigeria sciencedirect.

Governmental system nigeria is a constitutional democracy and operates a federal system of government. Nigerias progress towards achieving sdg7 ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all figure 4. Nigeria is endowed with large oil, gas, hydro and solar resource, and it already has the potential to generate 12,522 megawatts mw of electric power from existing plants, but most days is only able to generate around 4,000 mw, which is. Evidence from nigeria 249 households do not have sophisticated energy equipment such as gas cookers, electric cookers, etc. K ezugwu abstractthis study focuses on nigeria energy resources and its consumption. Energy consumption by type z petroleum products is the widely consumed energy type and the largest amount of that consumed is imported, despite the countrys status as. Energy consumption nigeria coal consumption fuel consumption electricity consumption petroleum consumption wood introduction the forms of energy consumed in nigeria have increasingly diversified with innovations in. The paper updates in time and methodology those studies. The present situation in nigeria is that energy supply does not meet the energy demand. Nigeria energy data, statistics and analysis oil, gas. One of the cheapest forms of domestic energy consumption in minna is wood fuel, because of its accessibility and availability. Mahendra 1998 carried out a research aimed at determining the relationship between energy consumption and economic activity in fiji. Using recycled aluminum requires about 95 percent less energy than converting bauxite into metal. In doing this, energy consumption was disaggregated, and their impacts on economic growth.

Their results also show that energy consumption is priceinelastic. Pdf energy consumption, co2 emissions and gdp in nigeria. Nigerias energy supply is at present almost entirely dependent on fossil fuels and firewood conventional energy sources which are depleting fast. This paper analyses current trends in household energy consumption throughout the world. Today, it takes 20 percent less energy to produce a pound of aluminum than it did 20 years ago. An appraisal of household domestic energy consumption in. Both in the long run and short run, co 2 emissions has been found to have a significant positive impact on gdp, meaning that an increase in co 2 emissions facilitates gdp growth. Nigeria is one of the countries that rely heavily on fossil fuel, especially oil and gas to meet its energy needs. The study provides some evidence in support of longrun relationship between energy consumption and industrial output in nigeria. Analysis of household energy consumption in nigeria kayode, r. The nigerian energy sector nigeria is fortunate to have huge energy resources, which potentially give the country ample opportunity to transform her economy and the lives of her citizens. The outlook depends on the pace of implementing the economic recovery and growth plan, which anchors nigerias industrialization by establishing industrial clusters and staple crop processing zones to give firms a. Section 7 provided the way forward with the concluding remarks covered in section 8.

Youths in nigeria trained in renewable energy technologies. Many migrants from the rural areas to minna also retain their rural habit in relation to energy use. Electricity consumption and economic growth in nigeria 4 vol. Youths in nigeria trained in renewable energy technologies and green entrepreneurship.

Based on the countrys gdp and global trends, electricity consumption should be four to five times higher than it is today. Ii, issue 4 july 20 benefits of the huge investment, as electricity unavailability still remains an invisible ghost haunting the nations economy and has successfully wiped off cottage industries due to high cost of generating power independently. Nevertheless, nigeria suffers from an inadequate supply of usable energy due to the rapidly increasing demand, which is typical of a developing economy. In nigeria, there are several federal and state universities that receive their funding from the. Study of nigeria energy resources and its consumption. Pdf energy consumption and nigerian economic growth. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 29.

Projected sectoral energy demand in nigeria based on 7% growth rate. Electricity consumption and economic growth in nigeria. These huge energy resources from the sun are available for about 26% only of the day. Nigerias primary energy consumption was about 108 mtoe in 2011. Furthermore, they concluded that there is a bidirectional causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth. The findings of the study conclude that energy consumption has a significant correlation with economic growth in nigeria. Disaggregated energy consumption and industrial output in. That energy is an important development factor is now common knowledge. Nigeria energy market report energy market research in. Foreword over the last decade, nigeria has been one of the shining stars in the african economy, given its status as one of the preferred destinations for global. This analysis will become part of a broader analysis of trends in energy and transportation in 2001. Energy sector nigeria has 12,500 mw of installed generation capacity, being largely dependent on hydropower and fossil gas thermal power sources.

This paper investigated this disparity in the literature using nigeria data from 1980 to 2016. Although it is important to note that currently only 3,500 mw to 5,000 mw is typically available for onward transmission to the final consumer. Nwofe division of materials science and renewable energy, department of. Energy is critical to the survival and expansion of any economy, but in nigeria, energy consumption has been skewed towards household use, and below thresholds for sector driven growth. Thus, the ghgs associated to fossil fuel consumption in such areas will be. Most of the energy comes from traditional biomass and waste, which account for 83% of total primary production. Nigeria energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in nigeria. For example, ghanas per capita consumption 361kwh is 2. The result of the ecm shows that all the variables used in the study are characterised with a positive trend. Analysis of energy market conditions in nigeria central bank of nigeria authors. Energy is considered as the most important resources of any country. The nigeria energy policy report estimated that less than 40 per cent of the population is connected to the national grid. An empirical analysis adegbemi babatunde onakoya 0 0 department of economics, college of social and management sciences, tai solarin university of education, ijagun, nigeria adegbemi olatunde onakoya graduate business school, university of aberdeen. Energy consumption patterns in the world today shows that nigeria and indeed african countries have the lowest rates of consumption.

Fossil fuel energy consumption and co2 emissions in nigeria. It focuses exclusively on energy consumption within households i. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. Nigeria has oil reserves of about 35 billion barrels 5. Efficiency of the energy sector and its impact on the. Information about the openaccess article fossil fuel energy consumption and co2 emissions in nigeria in doaj. The findings reveal a unidirectional causal relationship between total energy consumption and economic growth running from total energy consumption to economic growth.

Without energy, services and societal activities will virtually grind to a halt. Oilrich nigeria turns to renewable energy as population. The 2015 distribution of energy consumption typified the current energy supply mix in the country which shows the total energy consumption, the share of natural gas was. One of these projects, sabon gari, aims to generate between 14 mw of solar energy for 12,000 small and mediumsized enterprises smes in nigerias second largest city, kano, by the end of the. Pdf energy consumption and economic growth in nigeria. The cost for this energy is about onethird the total cost of manufacturing aluminum. In this study, energy consumption is further disaggrigated into oil, gas and electricity consumption in order to present more robust analysis. Energy information administration eia estimates that in 20 total primary energy consumption in nigeria was about 4. Energy use in nigeria nigeria has a broad base and abundance of fuel sources. In actual fact, considering the global warming problem and an increasing concern for limited. Energy consumption in nigeria the most important measure in the energy balance of nigeria is the total consumption of. One of the most examined issues in growth literature, recently, is the causal linkages between electricity consumption and economic growth. The nigerian federation consists of a federal government at the apex and thirtysix states, a.

In the context of the developing economies, the growth in energy consumption is associated with urbanisation and economic development through the. The rest is from fossil fuels 16% and hydropower 1%. This paper focuses on the causality between gdp and total energy consumption on one part and each of the basic subcomponents of energy consumption in nigeria with a view to finding out if different sources of energy have varying impact on economic growth. Study of nigeria energy resources and its consumption engr c. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 29 bn kwh, also 119% of own requirements. The rest of the selfproduced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. The use of biomass often worsens poverty and results in low welfare in households.

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